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This article demonstrates our efforts in developing and evaluating all-ceramic, biodegradable composites of calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) reinforced with silver (Ag)-doped magnesium phosphate (MgP) crystals. Two primary goals of this study were to 1) enhance CPC's poor mechanical properties with micro-platelet reinforcement, and 2) impart antibacterial functionalities in composites with the aim to inhibit surgical site infections (SSI). The work embodies three novel features. First, as opposed to well-known reinforcements with whisker or fiber-like morphology, we explored micro-platelets for the first time as the strengthening phase in the CPC matrix. Second, in contrast to conventional polymeric or calcium phosphate (CaP) fibrous reinforcements, newberyite (NB, MgHPO4.3H2O) micro-platelets belonging to the less explored yet promising MgP family, were evaluated as reinforcements for the first time. Third, NB micro-platelets were doped with Ag+ ions (AgNB, Ag content: 2 wt%) for enhancing antibacterial functionalities. Results indicated that 1 wt% of AgNB micro-platelet incorporation in the CPC matrix enhanced the compressive and flexural strengths by 200% and 140% respectively as compared to the un-reinforced ones. Besides, antibacterial assays revealed effective bactericidal functionalities (>99% bacteria kill) of the AgNB reinforced CPCs against Escherichia coli. Finally, cytocompatibility studies confirmed favorable pre-osteoblast cell proliferation and differentiation in vitro. Hence, this effort was successful in developing a self-setting and injectable AgNB reinforced CPC composition with favorable mechanical and antibacterial properties. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Prabaha Sikder, Paritosh Perry Coomar, Jacob M Mewborn, Sarit B Bhaduri. Antibacterial calcium phosphate composite cements reinforced with silver-doped magnesium phosphate (newberyite) micro-platelets. Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials. 2020 Oct;110:103934

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PMID: 32957228

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