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Excessive proliferation, migration and dedifferentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are the center of intimal formation during in-stent restenosis and vein graft disease. Paeoniflorin-6'-O-benzene sulfonate (CP-25) is known to suppress inflammation and atherogenesis. However, the potential effect of CP-25 on intimal formation remains elusive. In the present study, we found that CP-25 significantly attenuated wire injury-induced intimal formation in C57BL/6 mice (intimal area: 2.64 ± 0.25 × 104 μm2 vs. 1.53 ± 0.21 × 104 μm2, P < 0.05) and vascular hyperplasia indicated by PCNA staining. In vitro experiments showed that CP-25 significantly alleviated human aortic smooth muscle cell (HASMC) proliferation, migration and dedifferentiation induced by PDGF-BB. Mechanistically, CP-25 inhibited GRK2 phosphorylation through PDGF receptor in the presence of PDGF-BB. In accordance with these results, CP-25 disrupted the interaction of GRK2 with ERK1/2 and suppressed the activation of ERK1/2 signaling in HASMCs. EVI1, which is considered as a downstream of ERK1/2 signaling and a novel transcription factor for VSMC differentiation, was also downregulated by CP-25 treatment. Moreover, overexpression of EVI1 partly restored the decreased proliferation and dedifferentiation of HASMCs treated by CP-25. Collectively, these findings suggested that CP-25 could alleviate intimal formation in response to wire injury via suppression of the interaction of GRK2 and ERK1/2 and EVI1 activation, indicating CP-25 might serve as a potent pharmaceutical for intimal formation. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Jing Zhang, Yang Liu, Ming Long, Jun Li, Weikun Zhao, Qiang Su. Inhibitory effect of CP-25 on intimal formation and vascular hyperplasia via suppression of GRK2/ERK1/2/EVI1 signaling. Archives of biochemistry and biophysics. 2020 Nov 15;694:108601

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PMID: 32980350

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