Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Amelotin (AMTN) is an enamel protein that is localized in junctional epithelium (JE) of gingiva and suggested to be involved in the attachment between JE and tooth enamel. MicroRNA is a small non-coding RNA that regulates gene expression at post-transcriptional level by binding to the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of target mRNAs. In this study, we have analyzed the effects of miR-200b on the expression of AMTN in human gingival epithelial (Ca9-22) cells. Total RNAs and proteins were extracted from Ca9-22 cells transfected with miR-200b expression plasmid or miR-200b inhibitor and stimulated by TNF-α (10 ng/ml, 12 h). AMTN and inhibitor of kappa-B kinase beta (IKKβ) mRNA and protein levels were measured by qPCR and Western blot. Human AMTN 3'-UTR that contains putative miR-200b target sites were cloned downstream of -353AMTN luciferase (LUC) plasmid. Ca9-22 cells were transfected with -353AMTN 3'-UTR LUC constructs and miR-200b expression plasmid, and LUC activities were measured with or without stimulation by TNF-α. TNF-α-induced AMTN mRNA levels were partially inhibited by miR-200b overexpression and enhanced by miR-200b inhibitor. TNF-α-induced IKKβ mRNA and protein levels were almost completely inhibited by miR-200b. Transcriptional activities of -353AMTN 3'-UTR LUC constructs were induced by TNF-α and partially inhibited by miR-200b. IKKβ inhibitor IMD0354 and NF-κB inhibitor triptolide decreased TNF-α-induced LUC activities. Furthermore, both inhibitors reduced AMTN mRNA levels in the presence or absence of TNF-α. These results suggest that miR-200b suppresses AMTN expression by targeting to AMTN and IKKβ mRNAs in the human gingival epithelial cells.


Mizuho Yamazaki-Takai, Hideki Takai, Yasunobu Iwai, Keisuke Noda, Masaru Mezawa, Yuto Tsuruya, Arisa Yamaguchi, Yohei Nakayama, Yorimasa Ogata. MiR-200b suppresses TNF-α-induced AMTN production in human gingival epithelial cells. Odontology. 2021 Apr;109(2):403-410

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 32980912

View Full Text