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    In this study, the effect of hydraulic retention time (HRT) on the performance of aerobic granular sludge (AGS) treating swine wastewater (SW) in sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was investigated. The HRT was set at 4.8, 6, 8, 12, and 16 h and performed in five parallel aerobic granular sludge sequence batch reactors (AGSBRs), respectively. The results showed that sedimentation performance and biomass concentration were improved by decreasing the HRT from 16 to 8 h. However, when further decreasing HRT from 8 to 4.8 h, the AGS performance became worse. The AGS process with HRT of 8 h exhibited high pollutant removal efficiency, and an abundant microbial community and a stable microbial community structure were observed. High-throughput 16S rRNA analysis revealed that there were significant differences between the microorganisms in AGS samples with HRT of 8 h at the phylum level and that the dominant microbes changed as the process proceeded. At the genus level, the species and relative abundance of microorganisms gradually evolved for AGS stability in all cases.


    Xiaochun Wang, Ji Li, Xiaolei Zhang, Zhonglin Chen, Jimin Shen, Jing Kang. Impact of hydraulic retention time on swine wastewater treatment by aerobic granular sludge sequencing batch reactor. Environmental science and pollution research international. 2021 Feb;28(5):5927-5937

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    PMID: 32981014

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