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Advances in material science have set the stage for nanoparticle-based research with potent applications for the diagnosis, bioimaging, and precise treatment of diseases. Despite the wide range of biomaterials developed, the rational design of biomaterials with predictable bioactivity and safety remains a critical challenge. In recent years, the field of cell-membrane-based therapeutics has emerged as a promising platform for addressing unmet medical needs. The utilization of natural cell membranes endows biomaterials with a remarkable ability to serve as biointerfaces that interact with the host environment. To improve the function and efficacy of cell-membrane-based therapeutics, a series of novel strategies is developed as cell-membrane-display nanotechnology, which utilizes various methods to selectively display therapeutic molecules of cell membranes on nanoparticles. Although cell-membrane-display nanotechnology remains in the early phases, considerable work is currently being conducted in the field. This review discusses details of innovative strategies for displaying cell-membrane molecules, including the following: 1) displaying molecules of cell membranes on biomaterials, 2) pretreating cell membranes to induce increased expression of inherent molecules of cell membranes and enhance their function, and 3) inserting additional functional molecules on cell membranes. For each area, the theoretical basis, application scenarios, and potential development are highlighted. © 2020 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


Yulan Wang, Peng Zhang, Yan Wei, Kailun Shen, Leyi Xiao, Richard J Miron, Yufeng Zhang. Cell-Membrane-Display Nanotechnology. Advanced healthcare materials. 2021 Jan;10(1):e2001014

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PMID: 33000917

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