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    The aim of this study was to elucidate mechanisms whereby bile acids exert beneficial metabolic effects, using the Cyp8b1-/- mouse as model. These mice are unable to synthesize cholic acid, resulting in increased synthesis of chenodeoxycholic acid and enlarged bile acid pool. Cyp8b1-/- mice were found to be protected against high-fat diet induced obesity. Bomb calorimetry measurements showed increased faecal energy output in Cyp8b1-/ mice. Indirect calorimetry measurements demonstrated increased energy expenditure in Cyp8b1-/- mice. Meal tolerance tests revealed no differences in glucose disposal, but the insulin response was lower in Cyp8b1-/- mice. Intravenous glucose tolerance tests, as well as static incubations of isolated islets, showed no difference between the groups, whereas insulin tolerance tests demonstrated improved insulin sensitivity in Cyp8b1-/- mice. The genes encoding mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) and type 2-iodothyronine deiodinase were upregulated in brown adipose tissue of Cyp8b1/- mice and Western blot analyses showed increased abundance of TFAM, and a trend towards increased abundance of UCP1. The upregulation of TFAM and UCP1 was accompanied by increased mitochondrial density, as shown by transmission electron microscopy. White adipocytes of Cyp8b1-/- mice exhibited increased responsiveness to both catecholamines and insulin in lipolysis experiments and increased insulin-stimulated lipogenesis. In conclusion, increased energy expenditure, mitochondrial density of brown adipocytes and faecal energy output may all contribute to the protection against diet-induced obesity of Cyp8b1-/- mice. Enhanced insulin sensitivity of Cyp8b1-/- mice is accompanied by increased hormonal responsiveness of white adipocytes.

    Citation

    Ulrika Axling, Michele Cavalera, Eva Degerman, Mats Gåfvels, Gösta Eggertsen, Cecilia Holm. Increased whole body energy expenditure and protection against diet-induced obesity in Cyp8b1-deficient mice is accompanied by altered adipose tissue features. Adipocyte. 2020 Dec;9(1):587-599


    PMID: 33016185

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