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    Phospholamban (PLN) is an important regulator for sarcoendoplasmic reticulum (SR) calcium transport ATPase (SERCA), which uptakes Ca2+ to SR during the diastolic phase of cardiomyocytes to maintain intracellular calcium homeostasis. Mutations on PLN result in intracellular calcium disorder, myocardial contraction defect, and eventually heart failure and/or malignant ventricular arrhythmia. Since 2003, several kinds of PLN mutations have been identified in familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients, illustrating a few clinical characteristics that differs from classical DCM patients. Herein, we report a large PLN-R14del family with typical clinical characteristics reported including relatively late-onset clinical symptoms, low-voltage in ECG, as well as frequent ventricular arrythmias. Moreover, members underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) examination showed a strikingly similar pattern of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE)-Sub-epicardial involvement in the left ventricular (LV) lateral wall with or without linear mid-wall enhancement in the interventricular septum. The former one can also present in younger PLN-R14del carriers despite completely normal LV structure and function. Meanwhile, T1 mapping also found significantly increased extracellular volume (ECV) in PLN-R14del carriers. These findings highlight the special role of CMR to phenotyping PLN-induced cardiomyopathy patients and distinguish them from other types of cardiomyopathy.

    Citation

    Xincheng Jiang, Yuanwei Xu, Jiayu Sun, Lili Wang, Xinli Guo, Yucheng Chen. The phenotypic characteristic observed by cardiac magnetic resonance in a PLN-R14del family. Scientific reports. 2020 Oct 05;10(1):16478

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    PMID: 33020536

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