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    The red alga Kappaphycus striatus is economically important food species and extensively cultivated throughout most tropical parts of the world as a source of carrageenan. In this note, the primary structure of a new lectin KSL from this alga was elucidated by the rapid amplification method of complementary DNA (cDNA) ends, which consists of 267 amino acid residues distributed in four tandem-repeated domains of about 67 amino acids and sharing 43% of identity. The calculated molecular mass from the deduced sequence was consistent with that of natural KSL (27,826 Da) determined by electron spray ionization-mass spectrometry. The primary structure of KSL showed high similarity to those of the high mannose N-glycan specific lectins from marine red algae, ESA-2 from Eucheuma serra, EDA-2 from Eucheuma denticulatum, KSA-2 from Kappaphycus striatum, KAAs from Kappaphycus alvarezii and SfLs from Solieria filiformis, and from microorganisms, BOA from Burkholderia oklahomensis, MBHA from Myxococcus xanthus, OAA from Oscillatoria agardhii and PFL from Pseudomonas fluorescens. Furthermore, KSL showed anticancer effects against five carcinoma cell lines, HT29, Hela, MCF-7, SK-LU-1 and AGS, in a dose-dependent manner with the IC50 values of 0.80-1.94 µM, whereas its inhibition activities on cancer cells were not detected in the presence of yeast mannan, an inhibitor against lectin KSL. The cultivated red alga K. striatus could also be a good source of functional lectin(s) for application as anticancer agents.

    Citation

    Le Dinh Hung, Phan Thi Hoai Trinh. Structure and anticancer activity of a new lectin from the cultivated red alga, Kappaphycus striatus. Journal of natural medicines. 2020 Oct 06;75(1):223-231

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    PMID: 33025357

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