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    It has been reported that Osteoprotegerin (OPG) induces cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, but the mechanism remains unclear. This study was to investigate the role of Focal Adhesion Kinase (FAK) pathway in the OPG induced hypertrophy in cultured cardiomyocytes. The H9C2 line of rat cardiomyocytes were treated with OPG at different concentrations and the cellular hypertrophy was evaluated. Meanwhile, the activity of FAK and other the phosphorylation kinases were detected. Autophagy flux assay was performed in absence and presence OPG. The interaction between proteins was analyses using Co-Immunoprecipitation assay. We found that OPG induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophic response, indicated by increased cellular size and protein content per cell. OPG increases the heart/body weight ratio in vivo. Also OPG inhibits autophagy and induces FAK phosphorylation. FAK silencing using si-RNA abrogates the effect of OPG on autophagy and cellular hypertrophy. Furthermore, Co-immunoprecipitation assay reveals that OPG inhibits autophagy through enhancing the binding of FAK and Beclin1. The FAK/Beclin1 signal pathway is essential for the OPG induced autophagy inhibition and hypertrophic response in cultured H9C2 cells. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.


    Dezhong Zheng, Mingyu Zhang, Tingrong Liu, Tao Zhou, Anna Shen. Osteoprotegerin prompts cardiomyocyte hypertrophy via autophagy inhibition mediated by FAK/BECLIN1 pathway. Life sciences. 2021 Jan 01;264:118550

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    PMID: 33035582

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