Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Microgravity induces injury of intestinal barrier. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the pathological change of intestinal mucosa induced by long term simulated microgravity and to explore its etiological mechanism using a proteomic approach. The well accepted tail-suspended rat model was used to simulate microgravity. The damage of rat small intestine was evaluated via histological and molecular test, and a label-free comparative proteomic strategy was used to determine the molecular mechanism. Simulated microgravity for 21 days damaged intestine barrier with decreased numbers of the goblet cells, large intercellular space, and down-regulated adhesion molecules, accompanied by increased intestinal permeability. Proteomic analysis identified 416 differentially expressed proteins and showed simulated microgravity dramatically down-regulated the adhesion molecules and deteriorated several pathways for metabolism, focal adhesion, and regulation of actin cytoskeleton. Western-blot analysis confirmed that myosin regulatory light chain (MLC) 12B was significantly down-regulated, while rho-associated protein kinase, myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), and phosphorylated MLC were dramatically up-regulated. Taken together, these data reveal that down-regulation of adhesion molecules and MLCK dependent up-regulation MLC phosphorylation mediate intestinal barrier dysfunction during simulated microgravity injury. Our results also indicate that regulation of epithelial MLCK is a potential target for the therapeutic treatment of microgravity injury. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Shibo Wang, Rui Wang, George Q Li, Jun-Lae Cho, Yulin Deng, Yujuan Li. Myosin light chain kinase mediates intestinal barrier dysfunction following simulated microgravity based on proteomic strategy. Journal of proteomics. 2021 Jan 16;231:104001

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 33035716

View Full Text