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    We report herein new nanofibers prepared from fish scale gelatine (FSG), modified polylactide (MPLA), and a natural antibacterial agent of freshwater clam (Corbicula fluminea Estefanía) shell powder (FCSP). A preparation of FSG from Mullet scales is also described. To improve the biocompatibility and antibacterial activity of the non-woven nanofibers, MPLA/FCSP was added to enhance their antibacterial properties. FSG was then combined with MPLA/FCSP using an electrospinning technique to improve the biocompatibility of the as-fabricated 100-500-nm-diameter non-woven MPLA/FCSP/FSG nanofibers. The resulting tensile properties and morphological characteristics indicated enhanced adhesion among FSG, FCSP, and MPLA in the MPLA/FCSP/FSG nanofibers, as well as improved water resistance and tensile strength, compared with the PLA/FSG nanofibers. MTT assay, cell-cycle, and apoptosis analyses showed that both PLA/FSG and MPLA/FCSP/FSG nanofibers had good biocompatibility. Increasing the FSG content in PLA/FSG and MPLA/FCSP/FSG nanofibers enhanced cell proliferation and free-radical scavenging ability, but did not affect cell viability. Quantitative analysis of bacteria inhibition revealed that FCSP imparts antibacterial activity. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Dung-Yi Wu, Shan-Shue Wang, Chin-San Wu. Antibacterial properties and cytocompatibility of biobased nanofibers of fish scale gelatine, modified polylactide, and freshwater clam shell. International journal of biological macromolecules. 2020 Dec 15;165(Pt A):1219-1228

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    PMID: 33038395

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