Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions


Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

In this study, diverse series of coumarin derivatives were developed as potential carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (CAIs). A "tail" approach was adopted by selecting the coumarin motif as a tail that is connected to the ZBG benzenesulfonamide moiety via a hydrazine (4a,b) or hydrazide (5a,b) linker. Thereafter, an aryl sulfone tail was incorporated to afford the dual tailed coumarin-sulfonamide arylsulfonehydrazones (13a-d) and hydrazides (14a,b). Then, the ZBG were removed from compounds 13 and 14 to furnish coumarin arylsulfonehydrazones (11a-d) and hydrazides (12a,b). Coumarin-sulfonamides 4 and 5 emerged as non-selective CAIs as they displayed good inhibitory activities toward all the examined CA isozymes (I, II, IX and XII) in the nanomolar ranges. Interestingly, the "dual-tail" approach (compounds 13 and 14) succeeded in achieving a good activity and selectivity toward CA IX/XII over the physiologically dominant CA I/II. In particular, compounds 13d and 14a were the most selective coumarin-sulfonamide counterparts. Concerning non-sulfonamide coumarin derivatives, coumarins 8 exhibited excellent activity and selectivity profiles against the target hCA IX/XII, whereas, coumarins 11 and 12 reported excellent selectivity profile, but they barely inhibited hCA IX/XII with KIs spanning in the micromolar ranges. Furthermore, molecular modelling studies were applied to get a deep focus about the feasible affinities and binding interactions for target coumarin-sulfonamides 4, 5, 13 and 14 with the active site for CA II, IX and XII isoforms. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Citation

Mohamed A Abdelrahman, Hany S Ibrahim, Alessio Nocentini, Wagdy M Eldehna, Alessandro Bonardi, Hatem A Abdel-Aziz, Paola Gratteri, Sahar M Abou-Seri, Claudiu T Supuran. Novel 3-substituted coumarins as selective human carbonic anhydrase IX and XII inhibitors: Synthesis, biological and molecular dynamics analysis. European journal of medicinal chemistry. 2021 Jan 01;209:112897

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances


PMID: 33038795

View Full Text