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Safe disposal of petroleum oil sludge generated from crude oil storage tank bottom is a major challenge for petroleum refineries across the globe. The presence of long chain hydrocarbons in petroleum oil</a> sludge are known to have effects on the environment through bioaccumulation or biosorption. The present study was focused to develop a modified bioremediation process using hydrocarbonoclastic microbial-assisted biocarrier matrix (MABC) mediated through biosurfactants and biocatalysts for the efficient treatment of petroleum industrial oily sludge. The development of hydrocarbonoclastic microbial-assisted biocarrier matrix was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy analysis. The biocatalysts such as lipase, laccase, esterase and biosurfactant produced by MABC system were found to be 40 U/mg, 18 U/mg, 36 U/mg and 220 mg/g of oil sludge respectively using one variable at a time approach. Further, the response surface methodology was used to determine the optimum treatment conditions (Time, pH, Mass of biocarrier matrix and Amount of oil sludge) for the enhanced removal of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) present in the oil sludge and TPH was degraded by 88.78% at Hydraulic Retention Time of 7 days. The biodegradation of oil sludge was confirmed using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry analysis.

Citation

K V Swathi, R Muneeswari, K Ramani, G Sekaran. Biodegradation of petroleum refining industry oil sludge by microbial-assisted biocarrier matrix: process optimization using response surface methodology. Biodegradation. 2020 Dec;31(4-6):385-405

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PMID: 33052472

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