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Geminiviruses cause devastating diseases in solanaceous crops, with the bipartite begomoviruses tomato yellow leaf curl Kanchanaburi virus (TYLCKaV) and pepper yellow leaf curl Thailand virus (PYLCThV) major threats in Southeast Asia. To determine the molecular mechanism of geminivirus infection, we constructed infectious clones of TYLCKaV and PYLCThV. Both constructs infected Nicotiana benthamiana, but only TYLCKaV could infect Solanum lycopersicum 'A39'. A genome-swapping of TYLCKaV with PYLCThV revealed the TYLCKaV-B genome segment as the determinant of TYLCKaV infectivity in tomato. We constructed five geminivirus clones with chimeric TYLCKaV-B and PYLCThV-B genome segments to narrow down the region determining TYLCKaV infectivity in tomato. Only chimeric clones carrying the TYLCKaV intergenic region (IR) showed infectivity in S. lycopersicum 'A39', indicating that the IR of TYLCKaV-B is essential for TYLCKaV infectivity in tomato. Our results provide a foundation for elucidating the molecular mechanism of geminivirus infection in plants. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Jong-Wook An, Joung-Ho Lee, Seula Choi, Jelli Venkatesh, Jung-Min Kim, Jin-Kyung Kwon, Byoung-Cheorl Kang. Identification of the determinant of tomato yellow leaf curl Kanchanaburi virus infectivity in tomato. Virus research. 2021 Jan 02;291:198192

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PMID: 33058965

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