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    Genome engineering is a rapidly evolving field that benefits from the availability of different tools that can be used to perform genome manipulation tasks. We describe here the development of the Flp-TAL recombinases that can target genomic FRT-like sequences in their native chromosomal locations. Flp-TAL recombinases are hybrid enzymes that are composed of two functional modules: a variant of site-specific tyrosine recombinase Flp, which can have either narrow or broad target specificity, and the DNA-binding domain of the transcription activator-like effector, TAL. In Flp-TAL, the TAL module is responsible for delivering and stabilizing the Flp module onto the desired genomic FRT-like sequence where the Flp module mediates recombination. We demonstrate the functionality of the Flp-TAL recombinases by performing integration and deletion experiments in human HEK-293 cells. In the integration experiments we targeted a vector to three genomic FRT-like sequences located in the β-globin locus. In the deletion experiments we excised ~ 15 kilobases of DNA that contained a fragment of the integrated vector sequence and the neighboring genome sequence. On average, the efficiency of the integration and deletion reactions was about 0.1% and 20%, respectively.

    Citation

    Eugenia Voziyanova, Feng Li, Riddhi Shah, Yuri Voziyanov. Genome targeting by hybrid Flp-TAL recombinases. Scientific reports. 2020 Oct 15;10(1):17479

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    PMID: 33060660

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