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Various Lewis acid-Lewis base interactions are discussed as initiating chemical reactions and processes. For example, the hydrogen bond is often a preliminary stage of the proton transfer process or the tetrel and pnicogen bonds lead sometimes to the SN2 reactions. There are numerous characteristics of interactions being first stages of reactions; one can observe a meaningful electron charge transfer from the Lewis base unit to the Lewis acid; such interactions possess at least partly covalent character, one can mention other features. The results of different methods and approaches that are applied in numerous studies to describe the character of interactions are presented here. These are, for example, the results of the Quantum Theory of Atoms in Molecules, of the decomposition of the energy of interaction or of the structure-correlation method.

Citation

Sławomir J Grabowski. Hydrogen Bond and Other Lewis Acid-Lewis Base Interactions as Preliminary Stages of Chemical Reactions. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland). 2020 Oct 13;25(20)

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PMID: 33066201

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