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    Tea saponins from Camellia oleifera Abel. seed pomace are new sources of commercial saponins. This study established an eco-friendly and efficient extraction method for tea saponins from C. oleifera seed pomace. A ternary deep eutectic solvent (DES) composed of l-proline, glycerol and sucrose (4:10:1 in molar ratio, abbreviated as PGS-5) achieved the highest extraction yield of tea saponins among all screened DESs. A maximum extraction yield of 23.22 ± 0.28% was obtained using PGS-5 under the optimized extraction time, DES concentration and liquid-solid ratio. Through ultraviolet, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-Q Exactive HF mass spectroscopy, as well as analyses of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities, it was determined that extracted saponins did not altered during processing. Therefore, PGS-5 can serve as a solvent to obtain stable and beneficial tea saponins from C. oleifera seed pomace. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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    Yayuan Tang, Xuemei He, Jian Sun, Guoming Liu, Changbao Li, Li Li, Jinfeng Sheng, Zhugui Zhou, Ming Xin, Dongning Ling, Ping Yi, Fengjin Zheng, Jiemin Li, Zhichun Li, Ying Yang, Jie Tang, Xi Chen. Comprehensive evaluation on tailor-made deep eutectic solvents (DESs) in extracting tea saponins from seed pomace of Camellia oleifera Abel. Food chemistry. 2021 Apr 16;342:128243

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    PMID: 33069529

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