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Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP-1) is a positive acute phase glycoprotein with uncertain functions. Serum AGP-1 (sAGP-1) is primarily derived from hepatocytes and circulates as 12-20 different glycoforms. We isolated a glycoform secreted from platelet-activating factor (PAF)-stimulated human neutrophils (nAGP-1). Its peptide sequence was identical to hepatocyte-derived sAGP-1, but nAGP-1 differed from sAGP-1 in its chromatographic behavior, electrophoretic mobility, and pattern of glycosylation. The function of these 2 glycoforms also differed. sAGP-1 activated neutrophil adhesion, migration, and neutrophil extracellular traps (NETosis) involving myeloperoxidase, peptidylarginine deiminase 4, and phosphorylation of ERK in a dose-dependent fashion, whereas nAGP-1 was ineffective as an agonist for these events. Furthermore, sAGP-1, but not nAGP-1, inhibited LPS-stimulated NETosis. Interestingly, nAGP-1 inhibited sAGP-1-stimulated neutrophil NETosis. The discordant effect of the differentially glycosylated AGP-1 glycoforms was also observed in platelets where neither of the AGP-1 glycoforms alone stimulated aggregation of washed human platelets, but sAGP-1, and not nAGP-1, inhibited aggregation induced by PAF or ADP, but not by thrombin. These functional effects of sAGP-1 correlated with intracellular cAMP accumulation and phosphorylation of the protein kinase A substrate vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein and reduction of Akt, ERK, and p38 phosphorylation. Thus, the sAGP-1 glycoform limits platelet reactivity, whereas nAGP-1 glycoform also limits proinflammatory actions of sAGP-1. These studies identify new functions for this acute phase glycoprotein and demonstrate that the glycosylation of AGP-1 controls its effects on 2 critical cells of acute inflammation. ©2020 Society for Leukocyte Biology.


Mosale Seetharam Sumanth, Shancy P Jacob, Kandahalli Venkataranganayaka Abhilasha, Bhanu Kanth Manne, Venkatesha Basrur, Sylvain Lehoux, Robert A Campbell, Christian C Yost, Thomas M McIntyre, Richard D Cummings, Andrew S Weyrich, Matthew T Rondina, Gopal K Marathe. Different glycoforms of alpha-1-acid glycoprotein contribute to its functional alterations in platelets and neutrophils. Journal of leukocyte biology. 2021 May;109(5):915-930

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PMID: 33070381

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