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The tp0548 gene, hypothesized to encode for an outer-membrane protein, was originally used in the enhanced Centers for Disease Control and Prevention typing for molecular typing of Treponema pallidum. It plays an important role in the molecular epidemiology of Treponema because it is not only an important locus of multiple typing approaches but also suitable for strain typing of multiple Treponema subspecies. A 27-year-old Chinese man attended the Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinic in Nanjing, China, because of a genital ulcer and inguinal lymphadenopathy for 1 week. Workup consisted of microbiological and hematological investigations, and sequences analysis. The aims of this study were to describe a novel tp0548 sequence type "Qn" of this syphilis strain and to review all previously reported novel tp0548 genotypes. We identified a novel tp0548 gene type in a genital ulcer in a patient with primary syphilis in Nanjing, China. Using sequence alignment, we further found that this novel sequence was closely similar to "Q." Following the nomenclature used in the enhanced Centers for Disease Control and Prevention typing methodology, the letters "Qn" was assigned to the new sequence type. The novel tp0548 sequence type of T. pallidum not only expands the database up to 27 different sequence types but also indicates the substantial genetic diversity of the tp0548 gene sequence. Copyright © 2020 American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association. All rights reserved.


Cai-Xia Kou, Qian-Qiu Wang, Jin-Ping Zhang, Jin-Quan Liu, Hai-Ni Zhang, Rui-Li Zhang. A Novel tp0548 Gene Type of Treponema pallidum Identified in Nanjing, China: Case Report and Review of Literature. Sexually transmitted diseases. 2021 May 01;48(5):357-361

PMID: 33093286

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