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AtKPNB1, an Arabidopsis importin-β protein, was regulated by AtAIRP1 E3 ubiquitin ligase, which intensified the ABA-mediated drought stress response. As an early step in the abscisic acid (ABA)-mediated drought response, the ABA signal is transduced into the nucleus, and thus the nuclear transport system is crucially involved in the drought stress response. AtKPNB1, an importin-β protein, which is a core component of nuclear transport, was previously reported to be a negative factor in the ABA-mediated drought stress response (Luo et al. Luo et al., Plant J 75:377-389, 2013). Here, we report that AtAIPR1, an Arabidopsis RING-type E3 ubiquitin (Ub) ligase, interacted with and ubiquitinated AtKPNB1. A null mutation of AtKPNB1 suppressed the ABA-insensitive germination phenotype of atairp1 mutant seedlings as compared to that of the wild-type plants. Furthermore, the ABA-insensitive stomatal closure and drought-susceptible phenotypes of atairp1 were rescued in atairp1atkpnb1 double mutant progeny, indicating that AtKPNB1 functions downstream of AtAIRP1. These data suggest that AtAIRP1 regulates the ABA-mediated drought response in Arabidopsis via ubiquitination of AtKPNB1.


Tae Rin Oh, Seong Gwan Yu, Hee Woong Yang, Jong Hum Kim, Woo Taek Kim. AtKPNB1, an Arabidopsis importin-β protein, is downstream of the RING E3 ubiquitin ligase AtAIRP1 in the ABA-mediated drought stress response. Planta. 2020 Oct 26;252(5):93

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PMID: 33106936

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