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    This study sought to determine whether a history of pregnancy or bilateral oophorectomy is associated with subsequent otosclerosis development or disease severity. Population-based case-control study. Olmsted County, Minnesota. Women diagnosed with otosclerosis were matched to 3 women without otosclerosis based on age and historical depth of medical records. Associations of prior delivery and bilateral oophorectomy with subsequent development of otosclerosis and with pure-tone average (PTA) at the time of otosclerosis diagnosis were evaluated. We studied 1196 women: 299 cases of otosclerosis and 897 matched controls. The odds ratio for the association of ≥1 delivery with otosclerosis was 1.16 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.85-1.60; P = .35). Odds ratios for the associations of 1, 2, 3, or ≥4 deliveries with otosclerosis were 1.22 (0.83-1.80), 1.09 (0.71-1.68), 1.28 (0.77-2.12), and 1.00 (0.54-1.84), respectively. The odds ratio for the association of prior bilateral oophorectomy with otosclerosis was 1.12 (0.58-2.18; P = .73). In cases with otosclerosis, PTA at diagnosis was not significantly higher for women with ≥1 delivery as compared with those without (median 45 dB hearing loss [HL] [interquartile range {IQR} 36-55] vs 43 [IQR 34-53]; P = 0.18) but was significantly higher for women with bilateral oophorectomy compared with those without (median 54 dB HL [IQR 44-61] vs 44 [IQR 34-53]; P = .03). These data do not support a relationship between endogenous estrogen exposure and development of otosclerosis. Women with otosclerosis who had a history of pregnancy did not have significantly worse hearing at the time of diagnosis, suggesting that pregnancy is not associated with disease severity.


    Robert J Macielak, John P Marinelli, Douglas J Totten, Christine M Lohse, Brandon R Grossardt, Matthew L Carlson. Pregnancy, Estrogen Exposure, and the Development of Otosclerosis: A Case-Control Study of 1196 Women. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. 2021 Jun;164(6):1294-1298

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    PMID: 33107781

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