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    Pullulanase is a potent enzyme for starch debranching. In this study, a novel type I pullulanase (PulM) was identified from the metagenome of a thermal aquatic habitat that exhibits optimal activity of debranching at 40 °C temperature and pH 6.0 to 7.0. More than 50% enzymatic activity was detected at the low temperature of 4 °C, determining it a cold-active type I pullulanase. It was able to efficiently catalyze the hydrolysis of α-1,6-glycosidic linkages in pullulan, with a specific activity of 177 U mg-1. The results determined PulM to be a potential starch debranching biocatalyst, causing a significant increase of about 80% in the apparent amylose content of potato starch. Retrogradation of the debranched starch resulted in the formation of resistant starch 3. The yield of resistant starch was estimated to be about 45%. The resistant starch exhibited higher crystallinity, enhanced heat-stability, and resistance to α-amylase digestion, as compared to native starch. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Monika Thakur, Nitish Sharma, Amit K Rai, Sudhir P Singh. A novel cold-active type I pullulanase from a hot-spring metagenome for effective debranching and production of resistant starch. Bioresource technology. 2021 Jan;320(Pt A):124288

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    PMID: 33120064

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