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The objective of this study is to investigate the signal changes and optimal scanning concentration of MRI in tumor tissues of tumor-bearing nude mice by SPIO-shRNA molecular probes. 30 BALB/c tumor-bearing nude mice were randomly divided into 5 groups with 6 mice in each group. At the given scanning time (before and 27 h after injection), the caudal vein was respectively injected with iron content of 6 mg·kg-1, 12 mg·kg-1, 18 mg·kg-1, 24 mg·kg-1, and 30 mg·kg-1, and MR examination was simultaneously performed to measure signal intensity changes of tumor tissue and contralateral muscle tissue in each concentration group. After each examination above, the nude mice were sacrificed immediately, and the tumor and muscle tissues were removed for HE and Prussian blue staining,and observed under light microscope. Nude mice in 6 mg, 12 mg and 18 mg groups all survived after probe injection, but some nude mice died in 24 mg and 30 mg groups after probe injection or during scanning. The signal changes of T2WI and T2*WI sequences were the most obvious in MR scanning sequences. Compared with other groups, the signal intensity of the tumor tissue in 18 mg, 24 mg and 30 mg groups were most obvious (P < 0.05), while the 18 mg, 24 mg and 30 mg groups reached no statistical difference (P > 0.05 ); HE staining indicated that structural disorder of tumor tissue as well as increase of nuclear atypia. Prussian Blue staining showed that blue-stained iron particles were present in each experimental group,and the most densely distributed were in 18 mg,24 mg and 30 mg groups. Tumor tissue could be well labeled with SPIO-shRNA molecular probes, and the optimal MR scanning concentration (iron content) is 18 mg·kg-1.

Citation

Liqiang Zhang, Xinyi Yang, Ming Wen. Optimal scanning concentration of MR imaging for tumor-bearing nude mice with SPIO-shRNA molecular probe. Scientific reports. 2020 Oct 29;10(1):18655

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PMID: 33122685

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