Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Interleukin 1 Receptor type I (IL-1RI) is a multi-domain transmembrane receptor that triggers the inflammatory response. Understanding its detailed mechanism of action is crucial for treating immune disorders. IL-1RI is activated upon formation of its functional assembly that occurs by binding of the IL-1 cytokine and the accessory protein (Il-1RAcP) to it. X-ray crystallography, small-Angle X-ray Scattering and molecular dynamics simulation studies showed that IL-1RI adopts two types of 'compact' and 'extended' conformational states in its dynamical pattern. Furthermore, glycosylation has shown to play a critical role in its activation process. Here, classical and accelerated atomistic molecular dynamics were carried out to examine the role of full glycosylation of IL-1RI and IL-1RAcP in arrangement of the functional assembly. Simulations showed that the 'compact' and 'extended' IL-1RI form two types of 'cytokine-inaccessible-non-signaling' and 'cytokine-accessible-signaling' assemblies with the IL-1RacP, respectively that are both abiding in the presence of glycans. Suggesting that the cytokine binding to IL-1RI is not required for the formation of IL-1RI-IL-1RAcP complex and the 'compact' complex could act as a down-regulatory mechanism. The 'extended' complex is maintained by formation of several persistent hydrogen bonds between the IL-1RI-IL-1RAcP inter-connected glycans. Taken together, it was shown that full glycosylation regulates formation of the IL-1RI functional assembly and play critical role in cytokine biding and triggering the IL-1RI involved downstream pathways in the cell.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.


Maryam Azimzadeh Irani, Mohammad Reza Ejtehadi. Glycan-mediated functional assembly of IL-1RI: structural insights into completion of the current description for immune response. Journal of biomolecular structure & dynamics. 2022 Apr;40(6):2575-2585

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 33124956

View Full Text