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    This paper reports a case of delayed velvet shedding and bilateral premature antler casting above the coronets in a young adult red deer stag from Germany. Based on the established role of testosterone in the control of the antler cycle, the antler abnormality is considered to have been the result of a (temporary) androgen deficiency. The basal surfaces (separation planes or seals) of the cast antlers were markedly concave. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the separation plane was densely covered with Howship's lacunae, denoting intense osteoclastic activity along the border between the proximal (living) and distal (dead) antler portions. Our observations and those of previous studies indicate that antler casting does not occur at a pre-determined separation plane, but along the border between living and dead bone, regardless of the position of this border within the cranial appendages. This is a major difference to autotomy of (living) appendages at fixed breakage planes, as it occurs for instance in lizard tails. © 2020 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


    Uwe Kierdorf, Horst Kierdorf. Bilateral antler sequestration above the coronet in a red deer (Cervus elaphus) stag-Insights into the process of antler casting. Anatomia, histologia, embryologia. 2021 Mar;50(2):422-428

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    PMID: 33128478

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