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Phytochemical investigation of the roots of Streblus asper Lour. resulted in the isolation of six previously undescribed cardiac glycosides, designated 2'-de-O-methylstrebloside (1), cannogenol-3α-O-β-D-gluopyranosyl-(1 → 4)-6-deoxy -2,3-dimethoxyl-β-D-fucopyranoside (2), periplogenin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl -(1 → 4)-6-deoxy-β-D-allopyranoside (3), 5-de-O-hydroxylstrebloside (4), 5βH-16β-hydroxylkamaloside (5), and 17S, 21R-21-hydroxylstrebloside (6), and three known analogues (7-9). The structures were elucidated using NMR spectroscopic techniques, mass spectrometry, and comparison of the spectroscopic data with previously reported data. Compound 6 is a novel C-21 hydroxyl cardiac glycoside, its absolute configuration was established from the analysis of computational ECD calculations and NMR spectroscopic data. The effects of the cardiac glycosides on apoptosis and cytotoxicity were examined in human A549 lung cancer cells. All the compounds showed remarkable inhibitory activities, with IC50 values in the range of 0.01-6.08 μM. Furthermore, compound 3 was able to significantly inhibit A549 cell growth proliferation via the induction of apoptosis, due to the activation of caspases-3, -8 and -9 in A549 cells, as revealed by Western blot analysis. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Bo-Dou Zhang, Wan-Fang Zhu, Toshihiro Akihisa, Takashi Kikuchi, Motohiko Ukiya, Fukuda Maya, Jian Xu, Wen-Yuan Liu, Feng Feng, Jie Zhang. Cardiac glycosides from the roots of Streblus asper Lour. and their apoptosis-inducing activities in A549 cells. Phytochemistry. 2021 Jan;181:112544

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PMID: 33130375

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