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Selective protein distribution on distinct plasma membranes is important for epithelial cell function. To date, how proteins are directed to specific epithelial cell surface is not fully understood. Here we report a conserved DSSDE motif in LDL-receptor (LDLR) modules of corin (a transmembrane serine protease) and CD320 (a receptor for vitamin B12 uptake), which regulates apical membrane targeting in renal epithelial cells. Altering this motif prevents specific apical corin and CD320 expression in polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. Mechanistic studies indicate that this DSSDE motif participates in a Rab11a-dependent mechanism that specifies apical sorting. In MDCK cells, inhibition of Rab11a, but not Rab11b, expression leads to corin and CD320 expression on both apical and basolateral membranes. Together, our results reveal a novel molecular recognition mechanism that regulates LDLR module-containing proteins in their specific apical expression in polarized renal epithelial cells. © 2020, Zhang et al.


Ce Zhang, Yue Chen, Shijin Sun, Yikai Zhang, Lina Wang, Zhipu Luo, Meng Liu, Liang Dong, Ningzheng Dong, Qingyu Wu. A conserved LDL-receptor motif regulates corin and CD320 membrane targeting in polarized renal epithelial cells. eLife. 2020 Nov 02;9

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PMID: 33136001

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