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In the pharmacotherapy of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), entacapone reduces the peripheral metabolism of L-dopa to 3-O-methyldopa (3-OMD), thereby prolonging the half-life (t1/2) of L-dopa and increasing the area under the concentration curve (AUC). The effect of entacapone on the pharmacokinetics of L-dopa differs between patients with high-activity (H/H) and low-activity (L/L) catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphisms, but the effects are unclear in heterozygous (H/L) patients. 3-OMD has a detrimental effect and results in a poor response to L-dopa treatment in patients with PD; however, the influence of this polymorphism on the production of 3-OMD remains unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to clarify the effect of the COMT Val158Met polymorphism on the concentrations of L-dopa and 3-OMD in the presence of entacapone. We performed an open-label, single-period, single-sequence crossover study at two sites in Japan. The study included 54 Japanese patients with PD, who underwent an acute L-dopa administration test with and without 100 mg entacapone on two different days. Entacapone increased L-dopa AUC0-infinity by 1.59 ± 0.26-fold in the H/H group, which was significantly higher than that in the H/L (1.41 ± 0.36-fold) and L/L (1.28 ± 0.21-fold) groups (p < 0.05). The concurrent administration of L-dopa with entacapone suppressed the increase in 3-OMD levels compared with L-dopa alone in all genotypes. Our results suggest that the COMT Val158Met polymorphism may be an informative biomarker for individualized dose adjustment of COMT inhibitors in the treatment of PD.


Joe Yamamoto, Tomohiro Omura, Sachiko Kasamo, Shota Yamamoto, Masayoshi Kawata, Atsushi Yonezawa, Yosuke Taruno, Hisako Endo, Hitoshi Aizawa, Nobukatsu Sawamoto, Kazuo Matsubara, Ryosuke Takahashi, Yoshikazu Tasaki. Impact of the catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met polymorphism on the pharmacokinetics of L-dopa and its metabolite 3-O-methyldopa in combination with entacapone. Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996). 2021 Jan;128(1):27-36

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PMID: 33136226

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