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    Myoid gonadal stromal tumor represents a rare testicular neoplasm displaying smooth muscular and gonadal stromal differentiation. This entity has very few cases reported in the literature that describe heterogeneous clinical and pathological characteristics. Bayesian statistics provides a useful framework to combine information from diverse sources. We here presented a case series-the largest so far reported-of myoid gonadal stromal tumor (4 cases) with extensive morphologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular characterization, performed a systematic review of the literature (that identified 9 papers), and used a Bayesian data analysis to understand the characteristics of this disease. Our study collectively described 16 cases. This neoplasm is mainly found in adults (mean age about 40 years) and often has a size of about 3 cm. By morphology, the tumor can infiltrate testicular tubules and is composed of spindle cells; few mitoses can be seen (usually 2/10 HPF). Neoplastic cells are diffusely positive with α-smooth muscle actin with a tram-track staining pattern. S100 protein, FOXL2, and SF1 are also characteristically positive. Moreover, this neoplasm can display epithelial differentiation, in about half of the cases. In conclusion, we foresee the use of this statistical approach in pathology: our analysis allowed a more precise description of this rare entity.

    Citation

    Salvatore Lorenzo Renne, Marina Valeri, Antonella Tosoni, Alessia Bertolotti, Roberta Rossi, Giuseppe Renne, Maurizio Colecchia. Myoid gonadal tumor. Case series, systematic review, and Bayesian analysis. Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology. 2021 Apr;478(4):727-734

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    PMID: 33140129

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