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Biomimetic construction of artificial scaffolds has attracted increasing attention. However, the construction methods usually require redundant materials and procedures, which is inconvenient for further application. Herein, inspired by the polyvalent multifunctional structure in nature, we have designed a polyvalent biotinylated aptamer scaffold (PBAS) which can conduct analytical performance with high sensitivity and simplified procedures. To construct a PBAS, the aptamers are designed to hybridize with prepared linker probes to form polyvalent biotinylated scaffolds, which contain both multiple aptamers and signal labels. Therefore, multifunctional scaffolds can be constructed with high recognition and capture efficiency as well as significant signal amplification. Furthermore, the scaffold can be used for the assay of some disease marker proteins. By taking tau proteins as an example, the proposed aptasensor can exhibit excellent performance with a low detection limit of 153 pg mL-1 and a short assay time of 50 min, which is much better than most of the previous methods. By assays of tau proteins in both serum and artificial cerebro spinal fluid, the PBAS-based aptasensor can work well. Therefore, the scaffold may be expected to be a powerful analytical tool which may have wide applications in the detection of a variety of analytes.


Chengjie Duan, Jin Jiao, Ji Zheng, Dayong Li, Limin Ning, Yang Xiang, Genxi Li. Polyvalent Biotinylated Aptamer Scaffold for Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Tau Proteins. Analytical chemistry. 2020 Nov 17;92(22):15162-15168

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PMID: 33155796

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