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The growing occurrence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) strains underscores an urgent need for new antibiotics. The development of more bioactive antibiotics against drug-resistant organisms with a different mode of action could be a game-changer for the cure and eradication of tuberculosis (TB). Pantothenate Kinase (PanK) and CTP synthetase (PyrG) are both essential for RNA, DNA, and Lipids biosynthesis pathways. Given the extensive knowledge on these biosynthesis pathways inhibition of Mtb growth and survival, these enzymes present a fascinating opportunity for anti-mycobacterial drug discovery. Recently, it was experimentally established that the active metabolite 11426026 of compound 7947882 (a prodrug activated by EthA monooxygenase, 5-methyl-N-(4-nitrophenyl) thiophene-2-carboxamide) inhibits the activities of PyrG and PanK to indicate novel multitarget therapy aimed at discontinuing Mtb growth. However, the molecular mechanisms of their selective inhibition remain subtle. In this work, molecular dynamics simulations were employed to investigate the inhibitory mechanism as well as the selectivity impact of the active metabolite inhibitor of these enzymes. Computational modeling of the studied protein-ligand systems reveals that the active metabolite can potentially inhibit both PanK and PyrG, thereby creating a pathway as a double target approach in tuberculosis treatment.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

Citation

Murtala A Ejalonibu, Ahmed A Elrashedy, Monsurat M Lawal, Hezekiel M Kumalo, Ndumiso N Mhlongo. Probing the dual inhibitory mechanisms of novel thiophenecarboxamide derivatives against Mycobacterium tuberculosis PyrG and PanK: an insight from biomolecular modeling study. Journal of biomolecular structure & dynamics. 2020 Nov 06:1-13


PMID: 33155869

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