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    In the present study aimed to purify the lectin from the sap of Musa acuminata pseudostem and elucidate the apoptotic and angiogenic molecular mechanism in both in-vitro and in-vivo model. Mannose specific lectin was purified by using mannose affinity column chromatography and analyzed by RP-HPLC, SDS-PAGE, and PAS staining method. Furthermore, the protein was identified by MALDI-MS/MS. MAL effectively agglutinates trypsinized RBCs and showed effective cytotoxicity against various human cancer cell lines. MAL mitigates the cell proliferation, colony formation, cell migration, arrest the cell cycle in the G2/M phase, and induce apoptosis by altering the expression of apoptotic proteins/mRNA level (Bax and Bcl-2) via caspase 8/9, 3 dependent pathway in both in-vitro and in-vivo. Supporting this, in-vivo EAC tumor mice models prove the efficacy of MAL by inducing cell death and inhibiting the neovessel formation by targeting the MVD, inhibition of VEGF secretion, suppressing the expression of MMPs, HIF-1α, Flt-1, Akt, Jnk, and Erk1/2. More importantly, the MAL treatment leads to effective inhibition of tumor growth and an increase in the survivability of EAC mice. Our study summarizes that the MAL having a significant anticancer potential expressively degenerates the tumor development by inducing apoptosis and suppressing neoangiogenesis. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.


    Balaji Kyathegowdanadoddi Srinivas, Madhu Chakkere Shivamadhu, Shankar Jayarama. Musa acuminata lectin exerts anti-cancer effects on HeLa and EAC cells via activation of caspase and inhibitions of Akt, Erk, and Jnk pathway expression and suppresses the neoangiogenesis in in-vivo models. International journal of biological macromolecules. 2021 Jan 01;166:1173-1187

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    PMID: 33159939

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