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Viral pneumonia caused by varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection is a rare but important complication, especially regarding varicella infections. Although disseminated cutaneous herpes zoster (DCHZ) is often associated with visceral diseases, there have been few reports of DCHZ-related pneumonia. We herein report a rare case of a lethal disseminated VZV infection that caused severe pneumonia in a Japanese patient who had chronic interstitial pneumonia. Physicians should consider the possibility of VZV-related pneumonia, especially in patients with a medical history of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and immunosuppressive therapy.


Hiroshi Ueno, Masachika Hayashi, Shun Nagumo, Kosuke Ichikawa, Nobumasa Aoki, Yasuyoshi Ohshima, Satoshi Watanabe, Toshiyuki Koya, Tatsuya Abé, Riuko Ohashi, Yoichi Ajioka, Toshiaki Kikuchi. Disseminated Varicella-zoster Virus Infection Causing Fatal Pneumonia in an Immunocompromised Patient with Chronic Interstitial Pneumonia. Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan). 2021 Apr 01;60(7):1077-1082

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PMID: 33162474

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