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    Phospholipase D (PLD) and its metabolic active product phosphatidic acid (PA) engage in a wide range of physiopathologic processes in the cell. PLDs have been considered as a potential and promising drug target. Recently, the crystal structures of PLDs in mammalian and plant have been solved at atomic resolution. These achievements allow us to understand the structural differences among different species of PLDs and the functions of their key domains. In this review, we summarize the sequence and structure of different species of PLD isoforms, and discuss the structural mechanisms for PLD interactions with their binding partners and the functions of each key domain in the regulation of PLDs activation and catalytic reaction. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Yuanfa Yao, Jianxu Li, Yinyan Lin, Jiaqiang Zhou, Peng Zhang, Yingke Xu. Structural insights into phospholipase D function. Progress in lipid research. 2021 Jan;81:101070

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    PMID: 33181180

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