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    IgG Abs are crucial for various immune functions, including neutralization, phagocytosis, and Ab-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. In this study, we identified another function of IgG by showing that IgG immune complexes elicit distinct cytokine profiles by human myeloid immune cells, which are dependent on FcγR activation by the different IgG subclasses. Using monoclonal IgG subclasses with identical Ag specificity, our data demonstrate that the production of Th17-inducing cytokines, such as TNF, IL-1β, and IL-23, is particularly dependent on IgG2, whereas type I IFN responses are controlled by IgG3, and IgG1 is able to regulate both. In addition, we identified that subclass-specific cytokine production is orchestrated at the posttranscriptional level through distinct glycolytic reprogramming of human myeloid immune cells. Combined, these data identify that IgG subclasses provide pathogen- and cell type-specific immunity through differential metabolic reprogramming by FcγRs. These findings may be relevant for future design of Ab-related therapies in the context of infectious diseases, chronic inflammation, and cancer. Copyright © 2020 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.


    Willianne Hoepel, Sona Allahverdiyeva, Haneen Harbiye, Steven W de Taeye, Alwin J van der Ham, Leonie de Boer, Sebastiaan A J Zaat, Michel van Weeghel, Dominique L P Baeten, Riekelt H Houtkooper, Bart Everts, Gestur Vidarsson, Jeroen den Dunnen. IgG Subclasses Shape Cytokine Responses by Human Myeloid Immune Cells through Differential Metabolic Reprogramming. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2020 Dec 15;205(12):3400-3407

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    PMID: 33188071

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