Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • adult (3)
  • CD36 (1)
  • cd36 antigens (2)
  • cd36 protein, rat (1)
  • cholesterol (2)
  • female (2)
  • intestine (1)
  • jejunum (4)
  • lipid (1)
  • lipoprotein (2)
  • liver (1)
  • low (1)
  • mothers (9)
  • ppar γ (4)
  • Pparg (1)
  • pregnancy (4)
  • protein rat (1)
  • rat (2)
  • receptor (1)
  • triacylglycerol (2)
  • weight (1)
  • wistar rats (3)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    The progeny of rats born and breastfed by mothers receiving dexamethasone (DEX) during pregnancy exhibits permanent reduction in body weight and adiposity but the precise mechanisms related to this programming are not fully understood. In order to clarify this issue, the present study investigated key aspects of lipoprotein production and lipid metabolism by the liver and the intestine that would explain the reduced adiposity seen in the adult offspring exposed to DEX in utero. Female Wistar rats were treated with DEX (0.1 mg/kg/day) between the 15th and the 21st days of pregnancy, while control mothers were treated with vehicle. Male offspring born to control mothers were nursed by either adoptive control mothers (CTL/CTL) or DEX-treated mothers (CTL/DEX). Male offspring born to DEX-treated mothers were nursed by either control mothers (DEX/CTL) or adoptive DEX-treated mothers (DEX/DEX). We found that only the male DEX/DEX offspring had reduced adiposity. Additionally, male DEX/DEX progeny had lower circulating triacylglycerol (TAG) levels only in fed-state. The four groups of offspring presented similar energy expenditure, respiratory quotient and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) production. On the other hand, DEX/DEX rats displayed reduced TAG levels after gavage with olive oil and reduced expression of fatty acid translocase Cd36 (Fat/Cd36) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (Pparg) in the jejunum. Altogether, our study supports the notion that reduced fat absorption by the jejunum may contribute to the lower adiposity of the adult offspring born and breastfed by mothers treated with DEX during pregnancy. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.


    Dailson Nogueira de Souza, Caio Jordão Teixeira, Vanessa Barbosa Veronesi, Gilson Masahiro Murata, Junia Carolina Santos-Silva, Fernanda Ballerini Hecht, Julia Modesto Vicente, Silvana Bordin, Gabriel Forato Anhê. Dexamethasone programs lower fatty acid absorption and reduced PPAR-γ and fat/CD36 expression in the jejunum of the adult rat offspring. Life sciences. 2021 Jan 15;265:118765

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 33189820

    View Full Text