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Autophagy, a cellular stress response to starvation and bacterial infection, is executed by double-membrane-bound organelles called autophagosomes. Autophagosomes transfer cytosolic material to acidified lysosomes for degradation following soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment receptor (SNARE)-dependent fusion processes. Many of the autophagy-related disorders stem from defective end-step proteolysis inside lysosomes. The role of epithelial cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride channel has been argued to be critical for efficient lysosomal clearance; however, its context to autophagic clearance and the underlying mechanism is poorly defined. Here, we report that syntaxin17 (Stx17), an autophagic SNARE protein interacts with CFTR under nutritional stress and bacterial infection and incorporates it into mature autophagosomes to mediate an efficient lysosomal clearance. Lack of CFTR function and Stx17 and loss of CFTR-Stx17 interaction impairs bacterial clearance. We discover a specialized role of the Stx17-CFTR protein complex that is critical to prevent defective autophagy as has been the reported scenario in CF airway epithelial cells, infectious diseases, and lysosomal clearance disorders. © 2020 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.


Kavisha Arora, Pramodha Liyanage, Qing Zhong, Anjaparavanda P Naren. A SNARE protein Syntaxin 17 captures CFTR to potentiate autophagosomal clearance under stress. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 2021 Feb;35(2):e21185

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PMID: 33191543

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