Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Multidrug resistance (MDR) caused by overexpressed permeability-glycoprotein (P-gp) in cancer cells is the main barrier for the cure of cancers. P-gp can pump many chemotherapeutic drugs, which is a viable target to overcome P-gp-mediated MDR by efficient inhibitors of P-gp. However, limited understanding of the efflux mechanism by human P-gp hinders the development of efficient inhibitors. Herein, the transport of a P-gp inhibitor, verapamil, by human P-gp has been investigated using targeted molecular dynamics simulations and energetics analysis based on our previous research on the transport of a drug (doxorubicin). The energetics analysis identifies that the driving forces for the transport of verapamil are electrostatic repulsions contributed by the positively charged residues in the initial stage and then hydrophobic interactions contributed by the important residues in the later stage. This scenario is generally consistent with that in the transport of doxorubicin. However, the positively charged residues and the important residues for the transport of verapamil are incompletely consistent with the relative residues for the transport of doxorubicin. Moreover, the binding free energy contributions of the positively charged residues for the transport of verapamil are generally higher than them for the transport of doxorubicin, while the important residues constitute significantly different binding free energy compositions in the transports of the two substrates. Consequently, the pathway for the transport of verapamil is identified, which shares only two residues (F336 and M986) with the pathway of doxorubicin. This may imply the weak competitiveness of verapamil with doxorubicin in the substrate efflux. Taken together, this work provided new insights into the efflux mechanisms by human P-gp and would be beneficial in the design of potent P-gp inhibitors. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Lijie Wang, Yan Sun. Efflux mechanism and pathway of verapamil pumping by human P-glycoprotein. Archives of biochemistry and biophysics. 2020 Dec 15;696:108675

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 33197430

View Full Text