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Along 24 beaches of the Central Caribbean Coast of Colombia, plastic items were collected and grouped into 43 different typologies. The average plastic abundance was 4.54 items/m2 being eight typologies responsible for 82% of all plastic collected. The application of the Clean Coast Index (CCI) and the Plastic Abundance Index (PAI) allows categorization of the study area as "Extremely Dirty" coastal strip with a "Very High Abundance" of plastics. Beaches were statistically grouped into three specific types: moderate, bad and extremely bad environmental conditions. The typology and magnitudes of plastics found in the study area suggest a combination of sources that primarily include dumping and direct activities on the beach. Plastic medical and sanitary waste, ocean/waterway items, and plastic items related to smoking-related activities also were observed. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation

Nelson Rangel-Buitrago, Anubis Velez Mendoza, Egna Mantilla-Barbosa, Harry Arroyo-Olarte, Victoria Andrea Arana, Jorge Trilleras, Adriana Gracia C, William J Neal, Allan T Williams. Plastic pollution on the Colombian central Caribbean beaches. Marine pollution bulletin. 2021 Jan;162:111837

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PMID: 33203601

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