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The rhesus macaque is an important animal model for AIDS and other infectious diseases. However, the investigation of Fc-mediated Ab responses in macaques is complicated by species-specific differences in FcγRs and IgG subclasses relative to humans. To assess the effects of these differences on FcγR-IgG interactions, reporter cell lines expressing common allotypes of human and rhesus macaque FcγR2A and FcγR3A were established. FcγR-mediated responses to B cells were measured in the presence of serial dilutions of anti-CD20 Abs with Fc domains corresponding to each of the four subclasses of human and rhesus IgG and with Fc variants of IgG1 that enhance binding to FcγR2A or FcγR3A. All of the FcγRs were functional and preferentially recognized either IgG1 or IgG2. Whereas allotypes of rhesus FcγR2A were identified with responses similar to variants of human FcγR2A with higher (H131) and lower (R131) affinity for IgG, all of the rhesus FcγR3A allotypes exhibited responses most similar to the higher affinity V158 variant of human FcγR3A. Unlike responses to human IgGs, there was little variation in FcγR-mediated responses to different subclasses of rhesus IgG. Phylogenetic comparisons suggest that this reflects limited sequence variation of macaque IgGs as a result of their relatively recent diversification from a common IGHG gene since humans and macaques last shared a common ancestor. These findings reveal species-specific differences in FcγR-IgG interactions with important implications for investigating Ab effector functions in macaques. Copyright © 2020 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.


Michael W Grunst, Andres G Grandea, Sanath Kumar Janaka, Iman Hammad, Parker Grimes, Julie A Karl, Roger Wiseman, David H O'Connor, David T Evans. Functional Interactions of Common Allotypes of Rhesus Macaque FcγR2A and FcγR3A with Human and Macaque IgG Subclasses. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2020 Dec 15;205(12):3319-3332

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PMID: 33208458

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