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    Performance of the biomaterials used for regenerative medicine largely depends on biocompatibility; however, the biological mechanisms underlying biocompatibility of a biomaterial within the host system is poorly understood. In addition to the classical immune response against non-self-entities, the sterile inflammatory response could limit the compatibility of biological scaffolds. Whereas the immediate to short-term host response to a biomaterial implant have been characterized, the long-term progression of host-biomaterial relationship has not been described. This article explores the novel concept of biomaterials-driven sterile inflammation (BSI) in long-term biodegradable implants and throws light for possible explanation for the onset of BSI and the associated damage-associated molecular patterns. The understanding of BSI would advance the current strategies to improve biomaterial-host tissue integration and open novel translational avenues in biomaterials-based tissue regeneration. Impact statement Understanding the novel concept of biomaterials-driven sterile inflammation and associated damage-associated molecular patterns in long-term biodegradable implants would determine their success and improves the tissue engineering and regenerative strategies.


    Henry Chen, Devendra K Agrawal, Finosh G Thankam. Biomaterials-Driven Sterile Inflammation. Tissue engineering. Part B, Reviews. 2022 Feb;28(1):22-34

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    PMID: 33213285

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