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Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS) is a rare monogenetic disease caused by pathogenic variants in procollagen 3A1. Arterial rupture is the most serious clinical manifestation. A randomised controlled trial, the Beta-Blockers in Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Treatment (BBEST) trial, reported a significant protective effect of the beta blocker celiprolol. The aim was to study the outcome of celiprolol treatment in a cohort of Swedish patients with vEDS. Uppsala is a national referral centre for patients with vEDS. They are assessed by vascular surgeons, angiologists, and clinical geneticists. Family history, previous and future clinical events, medication, and side effects are registered. Celiprolol was administered twice daily and titrated up to a maximum dose of 400 mg daily. Logistic regression was used to analyse predictors of vascular events. Forty patients with pathogenic sequence variants in COL3A1 were offered treatment with celiprolol in the period 2011-2019. The median follow up was 22 months (range 1-98 months); total follow up was 106 patient years. In two patients, uptitration of the dose is ongoing. Of the remaining 38, 26 (65%) patients reached the target dose of 400 mg daily. Dose uptitration was unsuccessful in six patients because of side effects; one died before reaching the maximum dose, and five terminated the treatment. Five major vascular events occurred; four were fatal (ruptured ascending aorta; aortic rupture after type B dissection; ruptured cerebral aneurysm; and ruptured pulmonary artery). One bled from a branch of the internal iliac artery, which was successfully coiled endovascularly. The annual risk of a major vascular event was 4.7% (n = 5/106), similar to the treatment arm of the BBEST trial (5%) and lower than in the control arm of the same trial (12%). No significant predictor of vascular events was identified. Treatment with celiprolol is tolerated in most patients with vEDS. Despite fatal vascular events, these observations suggest that celiprolol may have a protective effect in vEDS. Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Hassan Baderkhan, Anders Wanhainen, Anna Stenborg, Eva-Lena Stattin, Martin Björck. Celiprolol Treatment in Patients with Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery. 2021 Feb;61(2):326-331

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PMID: 33223285

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