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4-Aminopyridine (4-AP) is a potassium channel blocker that enhances nerve excitability. In this study, rat models that have facial nerve crush injury (FNCI) were grouped and treated with methylprednisolone (MP), 4-AP, and a combination of these two drugs. Electrophysiologic and histopathologic outcomes of these groups will be compared with a control group. Thirty healthy male Wistar rats (mean weight of 265 g) were used in this study. The rats were randomly divided into five groups with six subjects in each: Group 1 (sham group), Group 2 (control group), Group 3 (MP group), Group 4 (4-aminopyridine group), and Group 5 (4-AP + MP group). All groups except the sham group underwent crush injury to the right facial nerve. Electrophysiologic and histologic recovery was recorded three weeks postoperatively. The 4-AP group and the combined group had a more significant recovery at Nerve Excitability Thresholds (NET) at the end of three weeks. The methylprednisolone group and the control group had a minimal recovery of NET. Histologically, when compared with the control group, the combined group was the only group that had significant recovery at all three of axonal degeneration, axon diameter, and myelin thickness. In this experimental study, we demonstrated that a combination treatment of 4-AP and MP is more effective in the recovery of peripheric FNCI than in the no-treatment control group and in the 4-AP- or MP-alone groups. Moreover, our results suggested that 4-AP can be a potent alternative to MP in the treatment of the FNCI. N/A.


Murat Toraman, Semra Külekçi Öztürk, Berna Uslu Coşkun, Pembegül Güneş. The effects of 4-aminopyridine and methylprednisolone on recovery of the facial nerve crush injury. European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. 2021 Aug;278(8):3057-3063

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PMID: 33226461

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