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Modern strawberry production is often threatened by microbe pathogens. Anthracnose is among the most prominent fungal disease caused mainly by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and leads to large-scale losses both in quality and yield. Little is known regarding the mechanisms underlying the genetics in the strawberry-C. gloeosporioides interaction. In the current research, a wild accession 'Fragaria nilgerrensis' is used as a resistant model to study the roles of terpenoid and terpene genes in leaf response to C. gloeosporioides. We found that several terpenoids and terpene genes were up-regulated at early time points after challenged with C. gloeosporioides. Among the metabolites detected, sesquiterpenes were the most significantly accumulated compounds, increasing up to ~12-fold at 18 h post infection (hpi), followed by monoterpenes which showed a slight increase upon infection. Consistently, the time-resolved transcriptome data revealed that genes pertaining to terpenoid metabolism were rapidly up-regulated and co-expressed with signaling pathway genes relevant to defense response. Notably, quantitative real-time PCR confirmed that the expression of five terpene synthase genes (TPS) were greatly enhanced, by a factor of one to three orders of magnitude at 3-6 hpi. Our results reveal a possible link between rapidly induced terpenoid metabolism and the autoimmunity underlying anthracnose resistance in a wild strawberry species. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Nasir Mehmood, Yuan Yuan, Mohammed Ali, Muhammad Ali, Junaid Iftikhar, Chunzhen Cheng, Meiling Lyu, Binghua Wu. Early transcriptional response of terpenoid metabolism to Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in a resistant wild strawberry Fragaria nilgerrensis. Phytochemistry. 2021 Jan;181:112590

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PMID: 33232864

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