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    In this study, for the first time, a TiO2/graphene (G) heterostructure was synthesized and doped by Bi and SnO2 nanoparticles through a hydrothermal treatment. The as-synthesized nanocomposite was employed for photocatalytic degradation of pentachlorophenol (PCP) under visible light irradiation. Structural characterizations such as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD) proved the valence band alignment at Bi/SnO2/TiO2-G interfaces and crystallinity of the nanocomposite, respectively. The as-developed nanocomposite photocatalyst was able to decompose 84% PCP, thanks to the generation of a large number of active OH•- and O2•- radicals. To achieve this optimum photodegradation efficiency, various parameters such as pH, catalyst dosage, and PCP concentration were optimized. The results showed that the PCP photodegradation process followed the first-order kinetic model and the reaction rate constant rose from 0.007 min-1 (Bi) to 0.0149 min-1 (Bi/SnO2/TiO2-G). The PCP photodegradation efficiency did not decrease significantly after 5 cycles, and the nanocomposite photocatalyst still showed a high efficiency of 68% in the last cycle. The excellent photocatalytic activity of Bi/SnO2/TiO2-G is ascribed as well as the heterostructure of the nanocomposite photocatalyst.


    Mohammad Hossein Sayadi, Shahin Homaeigohar, Ayoob Rezaei, Hossein Shekari. Bi/SnO2/TiO2-graphene nanocomposite photocatalyst for solar visible light-induced photodegradation of pentachlorophenol. Environmental science and pollution research international. 2021 Mar;28(12):15236-15247

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    PMID: 33236301

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