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    The prostate gland is subject to various disorders. The etiology and pathogenesis of these diseases are not well understood. Moreover, despite technological advancements, the differential diagnosis of prostate disorders has become progressively more complex and controversial. It was suggested that the Zn level in prostatic tissue plays an important role in prostatic carcinogenesis and its measurement may be useful as a cancer biomarker. These suggestions promoted more detailed studies of the Zn content in the prostatic tissue of healthy subjects. The present study evaluated by systematic analysis presents the published data for Zn content analyzed in prostatic tissue of "normal" glands. This evaluation reviewed 1885 studies, all of which were published in the years from 1921 to 2020 and were located by searching the databases PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, Elsevier-Embase, and Cochrane Library. In addition, the personal archive of the author collected from 1966 to 2020 was also used. The articles were analyzed and "median of means" and "range of means" were used to examine heterogeneity of the measured Zn content in prostates of apparently healthy men. The objective analysis was performed on data from the 105 studies, which included 3735 subjects. It was found that the range of means of prostatic Zn content reported in the literature for "normal" gland varies widely from 17 to 547 mg/kg with median of means 109 mg/kg on a wet mass basis. The Zn content depends on many factors such as analytical method, age, level of androgens, dietary Zn intake, and the prostatic region and fraction of prostate tissue being studied. Finally, because of small sample size and high data heterogeneity, we recommend other primary studies be performed.


    Vladimir Zaichick. A Systematic Review of the Zinc Content of the Normal Human Prostate Gland. Biological trace element research. 2020 Nov 25

    PMID: 33237491

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