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The prevalence and destructiveness of anthracnose, caused by Colletotrichum scovillei, in pepper production regions seriously affects pepper yield and quality. Mefentrifluconazole, the first of the isopropanol-azole subgroup of triazole fungicides, was introduced for the control of pepper anthracnose. However, the growth characteristics of pepper fruit and rapid spread of anthracnose suggest that the fungicide application method must be optimized to enhance fungicide efficacy. The sensitivity of C. scovillei to mefentrifluconazole was determined by mycelial growth and germ tube elongation assays using 157 single-spore isolates with mean 50% effective concentration values of 0.462 ± 0.138 and 0.359 ± 0.263 mg/liter, respectively. The in vivo data also showed that mefentrifluconazole had favorable protective and curative effects against pepper anthracnose. Mefentrifluconazole significantly affected C. scovillei infection on pepper by reducing appressorium formation and sporulation, shriveling spores and germ tubes, and causing the abnormal development of appressoria and conidiophores. Mefentrifluconazole could move acropetally, horizontally, and basipetally in pepper plants. Compared with a knapsack sprayer, mefentrifluconazole applied by mist sprayer exhibited significantly better activity against pepper anthracnose. Additionally, as the spray volume increased from 45 to 150 liters/ha, the control efficacy of mefentrifluconazole first increased and then tended to be steady, with an optimal spray volume of 90 liters/ha. The difference in disease control efficacy was related to the deposition and droplet distribution of mefentrifluconazole on the pepper fruit. These results provide scientific guidance for the application of mefentrifluconazole in pepper fields and improved fungicide utilization.


Yangyang Gao, Yang Liu, Lifei He, Jiamei Zhu, Buhua Wu, Feng Liu, Wei Mu. Activity of the Novel Fungicide Mefentrifluconazole Against Colletotrichum scovillei. Plant disease. 2021 May;105(5):1522-1530

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PMID: 33237845

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