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Reprogramming of the transcriptome during photomorphogenesis requires dynamic changes in chromatin and distribution of histone modifications. However, the chromatin-based regulation of this process remains to be elucidated. Here, we identify the conserved SWI-INDEPENDENT3 LIKE (SNL)-HISTONE DEACETYLASE19 (HDA19) deacetylase complex, including HDA19 and SNL1-SNL6, as a negative regulator of the light signaling pathway. Light-repression of HDA19 and SNLs expression is mediated by photoreceptors. HDA19 and SNLs are required for histone deacetylation and chromatin inactivation of PHYA gene. We further examined the interaction between SNL-HDA19 complex and ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL5 (HY5), and their antagonistic regulation on the expressions of target genes. The HDA19 deacetylase complex is recruited by HY5 to the chromatin regions of two positive light signaling genes, HY5 and B-BOX CONTAINING PROTEIN 22 (BBX22), thereby reduces the accessibility and histone acetylation and represses their expression. HDA19, SNL1, and HY5 associate with the same regulatory regions of HY5 and BBX22, and HY5 binding to these loci is enhanced upon SNL-HDA19 dysfunction. Our study reveals a crucial role for the HDA19 deacetylase complex in light signaling and demonstrates that the functional interplay between chromatin regulators and transcription factors regulates photomorphogenetic responses to the changing light environments. © 2020 The Authors New Phytologist © 2020 New Phytologist Foundation.

Citation

Yanjun Jing, Qiang Guo, Rongcheng Lin. The SNL-HDA19 histone deacetylase complex antagonizes HY5 activity to repress photomorphogenesis in Arabidopsis. The New phytologist. 2021 Mar;229(6):3221-3236

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PMID: 33245784

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