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    The nitrated compounds 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT), 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), and pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) are toxic xenobiotics widely used in various industries. They often coexist as environmental contaminants. The aims of this study were to evaluate the transformation of 100 mg L-1 of TNT, 2,4-DNT, and PETN by Raoultella planticola M30b and Rhizobium radiobacter M109c and identify enzymes that may participate in the transformation. These strains were selected from 34 TNT transforming bacteria. Cupriavidus metallidurans DNT was used as a reference strain for comparison purposes. Strains DNT, M30b and M109c transformed 2,4-DNT (100%), TNT (100, 94.7 and 63.6%, respectively), and PETN (72.7, 69.3 and 90.7%, respectively). However, the presence of TNT negatively affects 2,4-DNT and PETN transformation (inhibition > 40%) in strains DNT and M109c and fully inhibited (100% inhibition) 2,4-DNT transformation in R. planticola M30b.Genomes of R. planticola M30b and R. radiobacter M109c were sequenced to identify genes related with 2,4-DNT, TNT or PETN transformation. None of the tested strains presented DNT oxygenase, which has been previously reported in the transformation of 2,4-DNT. Thus, unidentified novel enzymes in these strains are involved in 2,4-DNT transformation. Genes encoding enzymes homologous to the previously reported TNT and PETN-transforming enzymes were identified in both genomes. R. planticola M30b have homologous genes of PETN reductase and xenobiotic reductase B, while R. radiobacter M109c have homologous genes to GTN reductase and PnrA nitroreductase. The ability of these strains to transform explosive mixtures has a potentially biotechnological application in the bioremediation of contaminated environments.


    Hernán Avellaneda, Ziv Arbeli, Wilson Teran, Fabio Roldan. Transformation of TNT, 2,4-DNT, and PETN by Raoultella planticola M30b and Rhizobium radiobacter M109 and exploration of the associated enzymes. World journal of microbiology & biotechnology. 2020 Nov 28;36(12):190

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    PMID: 33247357

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