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Citric acid (CA) has been widely used in different industrial sectors, being produced through fermentation of low-cost feedstock. The development of downstream processes, easier to operate, environmentally friendly, and more economic than precipitation, is certainly a challenge in CA bioproduction. Large volumes of by-products generated in precipitation require treatment before disposal. Adsorption, extraction, and membrane separation have been shown to have a lower environmental impact than precipitation, but the technological maturity of these methods is still limited. However, reactive extraction and adsorption have great potential for industrial applications. This review shows that there is still much to be explored, both about the factors that are intrinsic to the techniques, but also in their combination for new processes' development. This review reports the most recent advances on CA bioproduction, with significant information about recovery and purification methods involving this highly industrially demanded organic acid. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Sabrina Mores, Luciana Porto de Souza Vandenberghe, Antonio Irineudo Magalhães Júnior, Júlio César de Carvalho, Ariane Fátima Murawski de Mello, Ashok Pandey, Carlos Ricardo Soccol. Citric acid bioproduction and downstream processing: Status, opportunities, and challenges. Bioresource technology. 2021 Jan;320(Pt B):124426

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PMID: 33249260

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